1 Freight house. Staunton (“Stan-ton”) in 1950 had a population of 19,927. 所有具有这种重要性的城镇曾经都有一个货栈，用来处理零担货物. 仓库管理员使用叉车或手动卡车将货物“平放在”货车车厢和当地卡车之间. By 1958 most railroads were getting out of the LCL business, leasing their freight houses to forwarders or consolidators.
2 Door spot. 使用门来装卸货物，而不是有遮蔽的平台，可以在室内获得最大的安全空间. Trucks backed up to similar doors on the street side.
3 Peddler car. 从中间到大城市的车站都是由当地货运列车从一个站运送到另一个站的汽车提供服务的, being partially unloaded and partially loaded as they went. C&O 12541是在1958年7月这个数字系列的487辆40吨容量的汽车之一，内部尺寸为401⁄2英尺长, 81⁄2 feet wide, and 82 ⁄3 feet high, and a 6-foot-wide door. 过时的商业装载，因为门太窄，许多叉车和低屋顶是限制性的, by 1972 only 37 remained on the roster. They were suitable for LCL, 由于材料是按目的地在汽车地板上分类的方式，它经常装载低于汽车容量. Sometimes LCL was handled at team tracks or grade crossings.
4 Freight office. Located in this case on a second floor above a portion of the freight house, 这里有货运代理人和职员，包括一名比尔职员，他为来自斯汤顿管辖范围内的汽车打印运单, distributed the copies as required, and filed waybills of incoming cars, telephoning shippers that their car had arrived. 出纳收取运费，并为托运人滞留太久的汽车制定滞期费，包括他们还没有准备好接收它们的情况(“推定安置”)。. 调车员每月对在斯丹顿换到另一条铁路的车辆作一份报表, short line Chesapeake Western, CW只提供本地切换服务的车辆的切换结算报表&O did the waybill work for the line haul. 滞期费和转换工作需要目视检查发现车辆的轨道, for a daily 7 a.m. yard check. The waybills, yard checks, and other documents, called Station Records, 被州际商务委员会检查人员要求保持两年的审计.
5 Passenger station. Staunton’s was notable for being located on a relatively sharp 9-degree curve (637.3 feet radius, equivalent to an HO scale radius of 87.9 inches), with a canopy extending over the platform. 时至今日，这顶顶篷仍在使用，为乘坐三周一班的美铁枢机主教列车的乘客提供庇护. The station building itself has become a restaurant, as Amtrak has no ticket agents or baggage facilities here, 但在1958年，C&O’s eight daily passenger trains.
6 Platform shelter. 斯汤顿的顶棚由一个向西延伸的短的传统平台遮蔽所补充, with a loudspeaker to inform passengers. 这种棚子——木结构支撑在有角度支柱的中心柱上——有一个轻微的倒向中心的沥青屋顶, with downspouts at intervals draining to pipes under the platform.
7 Footbridge. Unlike the situation at most British stations, 哪有行人天桥连接轨道两侧的月台, 这个(斯汤顿市最近重建的)是由于陡峭的山坡而提供的, 连接一条从市中心以南的住宅区到车站以北的商业街的铺砌人行道.
8 Municipal water tank. Positioned on the hillside, this one is now gone except for its foundation, but a similar one still stands east of the footbridge. 在蒸汽操作的年代，其中一个或两个储罐可能为铁路竖管提供压力, besides serving the commercial district of the town.
9 HD Cabin. C&O偏好手动座舱操作，使用座舱塔和两个字母的电报呼号. Manual Block works like a manned version of Centralized Traffic Control, 在需要接驳或超车时，使用列车定货信号来停靠列车. The Cabin would often be an interlocking as well, with levers to control the switches for entering and leaving sidings. HD Cabin今天仍然存在，它的底层是美国铁路公司(Amtrak)的无人等候室，上层是私人住宅.
10 Mail sacks. Head-end business, generally carried in cars immediately behind the locomotive on passenger trains, included four categories: baggage, U.S. mail, company mail, and Railway Express Agency shipments. The cardboard box under the mail sacks is probably a Railway Express parcel.
11 Baggage wagon. Unchanged for decades, 这些简单的平台边缘有轻微的角度(以防止负载掉落), end railings, steel-tired wheels, and tow bars that could be linked to allow multiple wagons to be pulled at once, were a staple at every passenger station. Two of them at a time was about the limit for one man to handle; larger stations had small tractors to pull four or five at once. The baggageman peers over the mail sacks as he pushes the wagon along the platform.
12 C&O E8A 4025. C&1951年8月至1953年5月，O有31例e8a(无e8b)(1951年11月4015例). The E8s are running through to Detroit from Washington, D.C., and Newport News, Va., with the sections united at Charlottesville, Va. Note that 4025 still has its coupler doors and that they are closed; many roads had forsaken this detail from the streamliner era by this time.
13 The Sportsman. 在车头的后面，500购彩可以看到从华盛顿和纽波特纽斯到底特律的长途汽车, a dining car, and two sleeping cars, 一个是底特律的，另一个是芝加哥的，辛辛那提以外的地方将由纽约中央航空公司处理. Other sleepers will be added along the way, for Cleveland and Columbus, and an advanceboarding (“set-out”) sleeper at Columbus for Detroit. The train was inaugurated in 1927 after C&O acquired the Hocking Valley Railroad and control of the Pere Marquette, giving C&O a route to Detroit from Ashland, Ky. 这列火车的名字来源于通往密歇根度假胜地的Pere Marquette, but most of the patronage was business travel to and from Detroit, Columbus, and Cincinnati.
14 Siding. 为本地货轮提供机尾空间，在不污染主轨道的情况下转业.
15 Crossover. 允许一个朝向点从主轨道移动到车站西面的工业轨道(在摄影师后面). A switch opens east into the siding (No. 14), simplifying switching for an eastbound local freight.
16 Single-track main line. Staunton is on C&O’s hilly Mountain Subdivision between Richmond and Clifton Forge, Va.从华盛顿出发，经过戈登斯维尔枢纽的旅客路线.C.以及夏洛茨维尔(Charlottesville)，后者是客运列车的华盛顿段和新港新闻(Newport News)段的交汇处. 在里士满和克利夫顿福奇之间的货运，通过林奇堡的詹姆斯河分区要容易得多, 这对占交通很大一部分的满载煤炭的火车来说是下坡的，而且只比西行差了半个百分点, compared to 1.5 percent both ways on the Mountain Sub.
This article was originally published in the Winter 2014 issue of Classic Trains magazine.